By Emile Humblot and
Roger Luzu (Palaeographer Archivist)
rare reference book
Editions Imprimerie Brulliard1964
format 25.5 * 34cm, 457 p numbered 177/300
Embellished with a few B&W engravingsincluding portraits
I JOIN IT
Charter of Jean, Sire de Joinville, Seneschal of ChampagnePrinted in Troyes
by Dufour-Rouquot 1890
2-page booklet (extract from the dawn directory)
good copywith normal wear
signs of folds corners 1st cover
To note : 4th flat corner fold marks
fold marks on the back
fresh interior in good condition
Emile Humblot is a French politician born June 6, 1862 in Joinville
and died on December 31, 1931 in
Painter and engraver, he is very interested in the local history of his town.
Municipal councilor in 1894, then mayor of Joinville in 1908, he was elected
general councilor in 1918 and senator in 1920. He held office until his death
in 1931. Its parliamentary work focuses on cultural and artistic issues. He was
secretary of the Senate from 1926 to 1929. He founded the senatorial group of
Art, and is a member of the Superior Council of Fine Arts, the Superior Council
of Historical Monuments. He was inspector of the French society of archeology
and in 1929, he was appointed director of the museum of Dijon
The founding of Joinville dates back, according to some authors, to the
general Jovinus who in 354
would have erected a wooden fort and
ramparts to contain the Alamans
defeated byJulian .
For others, it goes back to Jean de Troyes who lived at the beginning of the xi
e century or by Etienne de Vaux
Count of Joigny (died in 1060 ) had the
castle built in 1027 and whose descendants
bore the name1
Among the direct descendants ofEtienne de Vaux
Geoffroy III , in 1163
founded the collegiate church of
Saint-Laurent where Jean de Joinville
is the first to be buried.
The direct family Vaux-Joinville gives two bishops to the church : that of
Chalons died in the
crusade and that of Langres becomes
archbishop of Reims and crown Louis VIII
King of France.
Geoffroy IV dies in
Holy Land (1197
Geoffroy V fights in
Palestine in 1199 alongside the King of
England Richard Lion's Heart
who, in view of his
courage, authorizes him to carry half of his weapons. Its quartered shield
Vaux-Joinville and England are the coat of arms of the city of Joinville today.
They are also those of the Pays de Gex
Léonette lady of Gex
having married a lord of Joinville (in
1178); they are therefore found in the coat of arms of the department ofAin
The stronghold of Joinville is transmitted by three Houses :
Vaux-Joinville with direct descent through males
Lorraine-Guise by blood ties through girls
Orleans by inheritance : Philippe Duke of Orleans
brother of Louis XIV ,
becomes Prince of Joinville in 1693
The city obtains municipal charters in 1258
Joinville goes to the Lorraine house
at xive century
The last descendant of Etienne de Vaux
indeed marries Ferry
second son of Jeans Ier ,
Duke of Lorraine.
The city and the castle xviie century
In 1544 , Charles Quint
besieges Joinville and delivers
it to the flames as well as many villages in its surroundings. It was rebuilt
shortly after by the care of Claude of Lorraine
and erected in principality
in 1551 by Henry II
in favor of Dukes of Guise
Until xviiie century , the
castle plays an undeniable military role facing the border of Lorraine
which depends on Holy Roman Empire
the motto added to the arms of the city : Omnia tuta time : When everything
seems calm, stay vigilant.
During the Revolution, in 1791 , the
seigneury belongs to Philippe-Equality
Duke of Orleans and Prince of Joinville. He died in the guillotine on
November 6, 1793. The twelve members of the Joinville Revolutionary Committee
took advantage of the anarchy that reigned in 1793 and 1794 to take control of
the castle by having a false deed of sale drawn up in the name of the Sieurs
Bergé and Passerat, stipulating that they were in charge to have it dismantled.
The castle was actually occupied by members of the Louis-Philippe family Ier
and of the people attached to their service, about fifty people lived in the
castle, contrary to what the revolutionary bourgeois asserted, who justified
the dismantling of the castle by saying that it was abandoned.
It was the capital of district
The members of the Revolutionary Committee of Joinville summoned the
inhabitants of the castle to leave the premises and, in the face of their
refusal, assaulted the castle in December 1794 with a squad of sans-culottes,
recruited to make the revolutionary police, killing all those who resided
there, as well as the women and the children and they buried the bodies in a
mass grave dug near the castle. The stones of the castle were used to build the
town hall and the personal residence of the twelve members of the Revolutionary
Committee of Joinville. The wealth which was contained in the castle was shared
between the twelve members of the Revolutionary Committee who constituted their
family patrimony with the booty.
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